Artworks Catalogue

Sculpture of Saint Sebastian (Croatian Conservation Institute Photo Archive, photo by Goran Tomljenović, 2018)
Sculpture of Saint Joseph (Croatian Conservation Institute Photo Archive, photo by Goran Tomljenović, 2018)
High altar in parish church in Bedenica (Croatian Conservation Institute Photo Archive, photo by Goran Tomljenović, 2018)
Sculpture of Saint Lawrence on the side altar of Saint Anthony (Croatian Conservation Institute Photo Archive, photo by Goran Tomljenović, 2018)

Location

Croatia, Zagreb County, Bedenica

Parish Church of All Saints (Župna crkva Svih svetih)

Artwork

Sculptures in the Parish Church of All Saints in Bedenica

Type

Sculpture

Inscriptions

  1. Obnovljeno 1939 / u vreme g.župnika M. Marenčića / i g. kapelana Antuna Pem/Cmerekar slikar (on the back of the high altar)

Critical History

The parish church in Bedenica underwent significant alterations in the past and the present state is a result of the 19th and 20th century interventions (see Ins. 1). The archival records provide very little information. The high altar was first mentioned in a very brief text in the canonical visitation in 1795 as commissioned by the parish priest [Stjepan Švagel]. 1 Since Švagel had been appointed as the parish priest in 1776, Lelja Dobronić concluded that the high altar must have been built in around 1780. She added that the sculptures of St Joseph, St Sebastian, Pope St Gregory I and St Paul on the high altar probably belonged to the side altars of Saint Bartholomew and Saint Lawrence originally in the chapel in Otrčkovec, of which there are only very brief descriptions.2 The parish chronicle noted that the side altar of Saint Bartholomew had been removed and replaced by a new one in 1819. 3

Of all the sculptures in the parish church, the sculptures of Saint Lawrence, Saint Joseph, Saint Sebastian and the small putto bear resemblances to Franz Anton Straub's style. The sculpture of Saint Lawrence, now on the side altar of Saint Anthony of Padua, was attributed to Franz Anton Straub by Doris Baričević, who commented it had all characteristics of his style. 4 The sculptures of Saint Joseph and Saint Sebastian on the high altar have not been attributed yet, but their stylistic features share similarities with the sculptures attributed to Franz Anton Straub and his workshop. Furthermore, the sculpture of Saint Sebastian, particularly his pose and the way his curled lock of hair falls on his shoulder, is similar to the figure of the same saint in Egervár, attributed to Philipp Jakob Straub (now in the Museum of Fine Arts in Budapest, Inv. no. 4963). 5 However, the sculptures were heavily repainted during the 1970s or 1980s so that it is difficult to discern the quality of their artistic expression.

Components

Carpentry
Technique(s): sawing
Material(s): wood
Sculpture
Author: (workshop) Franz Anton Straub
Polychromy
Polychromy
First repolychromy
Author: Ivan Cmerekar
Completed: 1939
Polychromy
Second repolychromy
Completed: ca. 1970 – ca. 1980

Comment

The sculptures on the high altar were repainted with a new layer of repolychromy probably during the 1970s or 1980s.
The sculpture of the small putto on the tabernacle of the high altar has been recently renovated.

Images

  1. Sculpture of Saint Sebastian (Croatian Conservation Institute Photo Archive, photo by Goran Tomljenović, 2018)
  2. Sculpture of Saint Joseph (Croatian Conservation Institute Photo Archive, photo by Goran Tomljenović, 2018)
  3. High altar in parish church in Bedenica (Croatian Conservation Institute Photo Archive, photo by Goran Tomljenović, 2018)
  4. Sculpture of Saint Lawrence on the side altar of Saint Anthony (Croatian Conservation Institute Photo Archive, photo by Goran Tomljenović, 2018)

Catalogue entry prepared by Martina Ožanić and Ksenija Škarić

Recommended citation: Martina Ožanić and Ksenija Škarić, Sculptures in the Parish Church of All Saints in Bedenica, in: TrArS – Tracing the Art of the Straub Family, 2018, (accessed 21/09/2020) URL

Sources and Bibliography

  1. Archive of the Archbishopric of Zagreb, Canonical visitations, Kalnik Archdeaconry, protocol 137/VIII, 1795
  2. Mária Aggházy, Steirische Beziehungen der ungarländischen Barockkunst, in: Acta Historiae Artium Acaderniae Scientiarum Hungarice, Tomus XII, 1967, 313–352
  3. Lelja Dobronić, Bedenica, Župa Svih Svetih, Bedenica, Župni ured, 1987
  4. Doris Baričević, Članovi kiparske obitelji Straub u Hrvatskoj, in: Peristil. Zbornik radova za povijest umjetnosti, 35–36, Radovan Ivančević (ed.), Zagreb, 1992–1993, 193–218
  5. Doris Baričević, Barokno kiparstvo Sv. Ivana Zeline i okolice, in: Sveti Ivan Zelina; osam stoljeća pisane povijesti i kulture, Mladen Houška (ed.), Sveti Ivan Zelina, Matica Hrvatska Sveti Ivan Zelina; Grad Sveti Ivan Zelina, 2000, 61–66
  6. Zsuzsanna Boda, St. Roch and St. Sebastian, in: Museum With No Frontiers: Discover Baroque Art, 2018, URL

Notes

1 Canonical visitations, Kalnik Archdeaconry, 137/VIII, 1795, 21: "Sub titulo Omnium Sanctorum, ligneum, convenienti pictura et auro ornatum, non pridem cura moderni parochi positum est; a tergo cujus paries in quantum se extendit eadem ara ordinarie depictus conspicitur; mensam muratam habet, cui petra sacra conveniens superposita est; et ad hanc tribus gradibus ascenditur, quorum duo posteriores ad totum spatium sanctuarij se se extendunt in longitudinem, tertius spatium dumtaxat longitudinis mensae occupat." (Transcribed by Šime Demo).
For translation in Croatian see Lelja Dobronić, 1987, 22, 31.

2 Canonical visitations, Kalnik Archdeaconry, 137/VIII, 1795, 21: De altaribus minoribus. Tria in corpore ecclesiae posita sunt: bina ad parietem infra arcum sanctuarij a dextris et sinistris, tertium a meridie e regione sugestus; illud a dextris sub titulo Sancti Bartholomaei, qui in imagine picta exhibetur, aliud a sinistris sub titulo Beatissimae Virginis Mariae, cujus statua lignea in medio est posita, ac tandem tertium sub titulo Sancti Laurentij, cujus aeque lignea statua imposita est. Omnia haec ex ligno laboris arcularij convenienti pictura ornata sunt mensasque muratas habent, ex quibus illa dumtaxat Beatissimae Virginis Mariae portatili provisa est." (Transcribed by Šime Demo)
Lelja Dobronić, 1987, 22, 31.
Lelja Dobronić believes that the side altar of Saint Lawrence originated from the chapel of Saint Lawrence in the nearby village of Otrčkovec, as well as the side altar of Saint Bartholomew, because they were both mentioned in Bedenica in 1795 in the record of canonical visitation, having been dislocated due to chapel's very deteriorated state.

3 Lelja Dobronić, 1987, 26.

4 Doris Baričević, 1992–1993, 215; Doris Baričević, 2000, 62–64

5 Mária Agghazy, 1967, 333, 342. See also: Zsuzsanna  Boda, 2018